OLM Integration Package Manifests Quickstart

Note As operator framework has moved to using bundle format by default, the package manifest commands have been deprecated and will be removed soon. It is suggested that you follow the bundle quickstart to package your operator.

This guide assumes you have followed the introduction and Setup section of the bundle quickstart, and have added the packagemanifests target to your Makefile as described here.

Important: this guide assumes your project was scaffolded with operator-sdk init --project-version=3. These features are unavailable to projects of version 2 or less; this information can be found by inspecting your PROJECT file’s version value.

Creating package manifests

We will now create a package manifests format by running make packagemanifests in the root of the memcached-operator project:

$ make packagemanifests
/home/user/go/bin/controller-gen rbac:roleName=manager-role crd webhook paths="./..." output:crd:artifacts:config=config/crd/bases
operator-sdk generate kustomize manifests -q
kustomize build config/manifests | operator-sdk generate packagemanifests -q --version 0.0.1

A versioned manifests directory packagemanifests/0.0.1 containing a CSV and all CRDs in config/crds and a package manifest YAML file packagemanifests/<project-name>.package.yaml have been created in the Operator project.

Deploying an Operator with OLM

At this point in development we’ve generated all files necessary to build a memcached-operator registry. Now we’re ready to test the Operator with OLM.

Testing package manifests

operator-sdk run packagemanifests will create an Operator registry from manifests and metadata in the memcached-operator project, and inform OLM that memcached-operator v0.0.1 is ready to be deployed. This process effectively replicates production deployment in a constrained manner to make sure OLM can deploy our Operator successfully before attempting real production deployment.

run packagemanifests performs some optionally configurable setup under the hood, but for most use cases the following invocation is all we need:

$ operator-sdk run packagemanifests --version 0.0.1
INFO[0000] Running operator from directory packagemanifests
INFO[0000] Creating memcached-operator registry         
INFO[0000]   Creating ConfigMap "olm/memcached-operator-registry-manifests-package"
INFO[0000]   Creating ConfigMap "olm/memcached-operator-registry-manifests-0-0-1"
INFO[0000]   Creating Deployment "olm/memcached-operator-registry-server"
INFO[0000]   Creating Service "olm/memcached-operator-registry-server"
INFO[0000] Waiting for Deployment "olm/memcached-operator-registry-server" rollout to complete
INFO[0000]   Waiting for Deployment "olm/memcached-operator-registry-server" to rollout: 0 of 1 updated replicas are available
INFO[0066]   Deployment "olm/memcached-operator-registry-server" successfully rolled out
INFO[0066] Creating resources                           
INFO[0066]   Creating CatalogSource "default/memcached-operator-ocs"
INFO[0066]   Creating Subscription "default/memcached-operator-v0-0-1-sub"
INFO[0066]   Creating OperatorGroup "default/operator-sdk-og"
INFO[0066] Waiting for ClusterServiceVersion "default/memcached-operator.v0.0.1" to reach 'Succeeded' phase
INFO[0066]   Waiting for ClusterServiceVersion "default/memcached-operator.v0.0.1" to appear
INFO[0073]   Found ClusterServiceVersion "default/memcached-operator.v0.0.1" phase: Pending
INFO[0077]   Found ClusterServiceVersion "default/memcached-operator.v0.0.1" phase: InstallReady
INFO[0078]   Found ClusterServiceVersion "default/memcached-operator.v0.0.1" phase: Installing
INFO[0036]   Found ClusterServiceVersion "default/memcached-operator.v0.0.1" phase: Succeeded
INFO[0037] Successfully installed "memcached-operator.v0.0.1" on OLM version "0.15.1"

NAME                            NAMESPACE    KIND                        STATUS
memcacheds.cache.example.com    default      CustomResourceDefinition    Installed
memcached-operator.v0.0.1       default      ClusterServiceVersion       Installed

As long as both the ClusterServiceVersion and all CustomResourceDefinition's return an Installed status, the memcached-operator has been deployed successfully.

Now that we’re done testing the memcached-operator, we should probably clean up the Operator’s resources. operator-sdk cleanup will do this for you:

$ operator-sdk cleanup memcached-operator
INFO[0000] subscription "memcached-operator-v0-0-1-sub" deleted
INFO[0000] customresourcedefinition "memcacheds.cache.example.com" deleted
INFO[0000] clusterserviceversion "memcached-operator.v0.0.1" deleted
INFO[0000] clusterrole "memcached-operator-metrics-reader" deleted
INFO[0000] serviceaccount "default" deleted
INFO[0000] role "memcached-operator.v0.0.1-jhjk7" deleted
INFO[0000] rolebinding "memcached-operator.v0.0.1-jhjk7-default-mxv6m" deleted
INFO[0000] catalogsource "memcached-operator-ocs" deleted
INFO[0000] operatorgroup "operator-sdk-og" deleted
INFO[0001] operator "memcached-operator" uninstalled

Migrating packagemanifests to bundles

In order to migrate packagemanifests to bundles, operator-sdk pkgman-to-bundle command can be used.

As an example, consider the packagemanifests directory to have the following structure:

└── etcd
    ├── 0.0.1
    │   ├── etcdcluster.crd.yaml
    │   └── etcdoperator.clusterserviceversion.yaml
    ├── 0.0.2
    │   ├── etcdbackup.crd.yaml
    │   ├── etcdcluster.crd.yaml
    │   ├── etcdoperator.v0.0.2.clusterserviceversion.yaml
    │   └── etcdrestore.crd.yaml
    └── etcd.package.yaml

Here, we have manifests for two versions of the etcd operator. The following command will generate bundles for each of these versions.

$ operator-sdk pkgman-to-bundle packagemanifests --output-dir etcd-bundle/
INFO[0000] Packagemanifests will be migrated to bundles in bundle directory
INFO[0000] Creating etcd-bundle/bundle-0.0.1/bundle.Dockerfile
INFO[0000] Creating etcd-bundle/bundle-0.0.1/metadata/annotations.yaml

This will create output bundles in the directory etcd-bundle. The output directory will look like:

├── bundle-0.0.1
│   ├── bundle
│   │   ├── manifests
│   │   │   ├── etcdcluster.crd.yaml
│   │   │   ├── etcdoperator.clusterserviceversion.yaml
│   │   ├── metadata
│   │   │   └── annotations.yaml
│   │   └── tests
│   │       └── scorecard
│   │           └── config.yaml
│   └── bundle.Dockerfile
└── bundle-0.0.2
    ├── bundle
    │   ├── manifests
    │   │   ├── etcdbackup.crd.yaml
    │   │   ├── etcdcluster.crd.yaml
    │   │   ├── etcdoperator.v0.0.2.clusterserviceversion.yaml
    │   │   ├── etcdrestore.crd.yaml
    │   └── metadata
    │       └── annotations.yaml
    └── bundle.Dockerfile

To build images for the bundles, the base container image name can be provided using --image-tag-base flag. This name should be provided without the tag (: and characters following), as the command will tag each bundle image with its packagemanifests directory name, i.e. <image-tag-base>:<dir-name>. For example, the following command for the above packagemnifests directory would build the bundles quay.io/example/etcd-bundle:0.0.1 and quay.io/example/etcd-bundle:0.0.2.

operator-sdk pkgman-to-bundle packagemanifests --image-tag-base quay.io/example/etcd-bundle

A custom command can also be specified to build images, using the --build-cmd flag. The default command is docker build. For example:

$ operator-sdk pkgman-to-bundle packagemanifests --output-dir etcd-bundle/ --image-tag-base quay.io/example/etcd --build-cmd "podman build -f bundle.Dockerfile . -t"

However, if using a custom command, it needs to be made sure that the command is in the PATH or a fully qualified path name is provided as input to the flag.

Once the command has finished building your bundle images and they have been added to a catalog image, delete all bundle directories except for the latest one. This directory will contain manifests for your operator’s head bundle, and should be versioned with version control system like git. Move this directory and its bundle.Dockerfile to your project’s root:

$ cp -r ./etcd-bundle/bundle-0.0.2/* .
$ rm -rf ./etcd-bundle

Try building then running your bundle on a live cluster to make sure it works as expected:

$ make bundle bundle-build bundle-push
$ operator-sdk run bundle quay.io/example/etcd-bundle:0.0.2
Last modified November 10, 2022: docs: small typo update (#6076) (714fd662)